Are You at Risk from Secondary Exposure to Fentanyl?

Are You at Risk from Secondary Exposure to Fentanyl?

Simplified Fentanyl Response Saves Lives and Money

INCIDENT: Officer Exposed During Fatal Overdose Response

LOCATION: Wareham, Massachusetts


Fentanyl is changing the rules of the game for all first responders. There’s no such thing as an easy call anymore. 

Chief Ray Goodwin of the Onset Fire Department in Wareham, Massachusetts can attest to that. A recent incident there resulted in one patient dying, and a police officer hospitalized during the responseIt could have been much worse. 

More responders could have suffered accidental Fentanyl overdose by contact with residual Fentanyl that was on their equipment without realizing it was there. 

According to Chief Goodwin, “Sadly, we have been responding to Heroin overdoses for over 4 decades. In the past few years, we’ve had a significant increase in overdoses. We’ve been encountering Fentanyl in Heroin for quite some time before it was officially recognized.  

At first, we attributed the increased number of overdoses to thinking the supply of heroin we were seeing was purer and not cut as much. Then the intelligence we received from DEA started coming in about the possibility of Fentanyl being mixed with the Heroin. 

I’ve been on the State HazMat Team for about twenty years, so I have experience in decontamination. 

Returning from a recent trip, my Deputy Chief informed me of an incident that had occurred the night before. On a Saturday night, the Department received a report of an overdose and we responded. The police arrived just before us. There was a male patient that was down and repeated doses of Narcan were administered but the patient did not respond.”  

“There was white product all over the table and it was suspected that the patient had been snorting Fentanyl.” 

“During treatment of the patient, one of the police officers on scene started experiencing dizziness, light-headedness, and couldn’t hold himself upright. The patient and the police officer were transported to the hospital and our responders returned to the station. None of the fire department personnel had any symptoms of exposure. 

Because this Fentanyl threat is relatively new, we are currently working on our policies and procedures to address this problem. 

Since there was no SOP guidance, the responders had simply wiped the equipment bag down when they had returned. 

The crew was called out for a fire that morning, so I went to the scene to examine the truck and the equipment. 

Luckily, I had some Fentanyl test strips and some 200ml kits of Dahlgren Decon that I acquired when I attended the DeconTect Awareness Program training that was conducted for the Commonwealth HazMat Team. I gloved up and put on an N95 mask and started swabbing the vehicle compartment and the first-in bag. I got one negative hit on the bottom of the bag but when I tested the other half of the bag I got a positive hit for Fentanyl. 

I told the Deputy to send the vehicle back to the station with just the driver and send the crew back in other vehicles. 

I mixed the Dahlgren Decon from the kits that I had and applied it to the bag. I removed all the soft stuff from the bag and disposed of it properly and then applied the Dahlgren to the hard stuff from the bag as well as the compartment in the vehicle.  

I notified the State HazMat team and they arrived to assess the situation. We tested some of the gear from the people who had been on the scene as well as the two ambulances and fortunately, they came back negative for Fentanyl. 

The HazMat team and my Deputy tested the incident scene and applied Dahlgren to neutralize the remaining Fentanyl residue. They then tested the area after it had been deconned and had no positive hits for Fentanyl. 

We considered the incident mitigated at that point. The station was mitigated, the vehicle and equipment were mitigated, and the ambulances used were clean. We had a positive outcome and there were no secondary exposures due to contamination. 

It was just a lucky chain of events that I had recently taken the training in hybrid decontamination using FiberTect wipes and Dahlgren Decon to neutralize Fentanyl and had the kits on hand to manage the decontamination process.” 

“If we had not had the Dahlgren Decon on hand, I probably would have had to take the vehicles out-of-service and thrown away the bag and all the equipment.” 

“Some people will tell you that you can use soap and water on Fentanyl but you’re really not neutralizing it if you do that. You’re just diluting it and moving it around. Dahlgren Decon changes the Fentanyl’s chemistry and completely neutralizes it. 

Utilizing two of the available Dahlgren Decon kits I was able to decontaminate the vehicle, the equipment bag and hard equipment, and even the incident scene for under $200 in less than two hours. Without those kits, we would have had a vehicle out-of-service for an extended period and had to pay a cleaning company a significant amount of money to do the same work. For the convenience alone, the Dahlgren Decon is priceless. It’s a game-changer for us. 

Since our responders’ safety is the most important thing, if I would have had to toss the equipment away, I would have done it. It’s just the cost of doing business. But this decontamination process means I don’t have to do that to protect them. 

What I want our fellow responders around the country to understand is that we can respond to these types of incidents effectively. With training, education, and practice, as well as good equipment and policies, we can respond effectively and perform the services our public needs us to do.” 

The Onset Fire District is a 5 square mile area located in the Town of Wareham in South-East Massachusetts near the end of the Cape Cod Canal. The town has a year-round population of 8,900 residents which swells to between 20,000 and 30,000 during the summer months. The Onset Fire Department responds to between 1,500 and 2,000 calls per year. 

The Department has 7 full-time members and 65 on-call members. They respond in a combination model where the station is manned 24 hours a day. The Town of Wareham has an advanced life-saving (ALS) ambulance but the area is remote, so the Fire Department usually arrives on-scene before the ambulance. 

The community is very economically diverse with expensive waterfront properties as well as trailer parks. They have a wide-range of customers for their services. 

Editors Note – Do you have a decontamination response story to share with your counterparts in other departments? Let us know. Email us at with a brief description of your experience.